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Energy Policy & Economics Group

Alasdair Crawford

Alasdair Crawford

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Mr. Crawford has been at PNNL since joining as a Post-Bachelor Research Associate in 2011. As an Associate Energy Research Scientist, he has focused his efforts on building physical and economic models of redox flow batteries, allowing for economic optimization of their design. Mr. Crawford has produced similar models for batteries for the Batt500 consortium, empirical models for existing batteries systems on the grid, evaluating new battery technologies for economic viability, and analyzing battery reliability from experimental data.

Research Interests

  • Energy Storage Analysis and Optimization
  • Mathematical Modeling
  • Machine Learning
  • Data Visualization

Education and Credentials

  • M.S., Physics, Portland State University
  • B.S., Physics, Washington State University

PNNL Publications



  • Conover DR, AJ Crawford, JC Fuller, SNG Gourisetti, VV Viswanathan, S Ferreira, D Schoenwald, and D Rosewater. 2016. Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems PNNL-22010 Rev. 2, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Crawford AJ, EC Thomsen, DM Reed, DE Stephenson, VL Sprenkle, J Liu, and VV Viswanathan. 2016. "Development and Validation of Chemistry Agnostic Flow Battery Cost Performance Model and Application to Non-Aqueous Electrolyte Systems." International Journal of Energy Research doi:10.1002/er.3526
  • Li X, P Yan, MH Engelhard, AJ Crawford, VV Viswanathan, CM Wang, J Liu, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "The Importance of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation for Long Cycle Stability Full-Cell Na-Ion Batteries." Nano Energy 27:664-672.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.07.030


  • Crawford AJ, VV Viswanathan, DE Stephenson, W Wang, EC Thomsen, DM Reed, B Li, PJ Balducci, MCW Kintner-Meyer, and VL Sprenkle. 2015. "Comparative analysis for various redox flow batteries chemistries using a cost performance model." Journal of Power Sources 293:388-399.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.05.066


Energy Policy and
Economics Group

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Todd Samuel